Astronomy & Astrophysics Seminar: Early UV-optical observations of supernovae and what they tell us about the last moments in stellar evolution

Ido Irani, Weizmann

28 February 2024, 14:00 
Shenkar Physics Building, Holcblat Hall 007 
Astronomy & Astrophysics Seminar




In my talk, I’ll discuss how UV-optical observation of supernovae very early (<3d) in their evolution can inform us about their progenitor stars and the explosion itself. I’ll start with showing how in Type II supernovae, the early UV-optical light curve can be used to map out the density profile of the progenitor prior to explosion. I’ll show this for the very well observed case of the M101 SN2023ixf, and discuss what can be learned from a sample of SNe II from the ZTF survey with early UV data. Using this sample, I will argue that while most SNe II have a shell of dense CSM affecting the UV-optical light curve, this is due to a luminosity bias, and up to 80% of red supergiant stars result in a supernova shock breakout from the stellar envelope itself. I’ll also talk about the prominent early time behavior of calcium rich supernovae, probably related to the CSM they ejected weeks or months before the explosion, informing us about the explosion mechanism. If time permits, I’ll talk about the new spectrograph and telescope array we are building at the Weizmann Astronomical Observatory.   



Seminar Organizer: Dr. Jonathan Stern

Tel Aviv University makes every effort to respect copyright. If you own copyright to the content contained
here and / or the use of such content is in your opinion infringing, Contact us as soon as possible >>