Condensed Matter Seminar: The Stiffnessometer - a magnetic-field-free superconducting stiffness meter and the nature of the phase transition in cuprates

Prof. Amit Keren, Technion

11 March 2019, 11:00 
Kaplun Building, Flekser Hall 118 
Condensed Matter Seminar

Abstract:

A new method to measure the superconducting stiffness tensor  , without subjecting the sample to magnetic field, is presented and applied to La1.875Sr0.125CuO4 (LSCO). The method is based on the London equation  , where    is the current density and   is the vector potential. Using rotor free   and measuring    via the magnetic moment of superconducting rings, we extract  . The technique, named Stiffnessometer, is sensitive to very small stiffness, which translates to penetration depth on the order of a few millimeters. We apply this method to two different LSCO rings: one with the current running only in the CuO2 planes, and another where the current must cross planes. We find different transition temperatures for the two rings, namely, there is a temperature range with two-dimensional stiffness. The Stiffnessometer results are accompanied by Low Energy mSR measurements on the same sample to determine the stiffness anisotropy at favorable temperatures.

 

 

Event Organizer: Prof. Sasha Gerber

Tel Aviv University, P.O. Box 39040, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel
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